The signs and symptoms of cocaine addiction will vary in each individual and will be dependent on several factors, including how much cocaine is being used, and how frequently. Therefore, it is important to be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of cocaine addiction. The following, more common physical, psychological, and behavioural symptoms may suggest that a person has developed a cocaine addiction.
When a person stops using cocaine or significantly reduces their frequency of use, they will experience withdrawal symptoms. The withdrawal symptoms associated with cocaine addiction vary in severity depending on several factors, including a person’s history of use, their state of physical and psychological health, and the level of access to effective treatment.
According to a publication in the Primary Care Companion to the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, common cocaine withdrawal symptoms include:
Withdrawal can be extremely uncomfortable, but it is a necessary step on the path to recovery from cocaine addiction. While symptoms will still be experienced during a medically supervised detoxification, with the aid of therapy and medication, their severity can be significantly reduced.
Cocaine addiction does not discriminate, and anyone can become addicted, regardless of their age, social and economic status, cultural background, or history of mental health. Some people, however, are more prone to addiction to others. According to the journal Addictive Behaviors, those already suffering from mood disorders and other mental health conditions are at a higher risk of developing an addiction than those without.
Depression, characterized by low motivation and a general lack of energy, can lead to cocaine addiction because the drug increases focus and energy levels. This effect can initially be a welcome change from the symptoms of depression, and cause a sufferer to use cocaine to alleviate their depressive symptoms repeatedly. However, the Primary Care Companion to the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry explains that with long-term use, cocaine exacerbates the symptoms of depression, and the individual concerned may find that their condition has worsened.
According to the journal Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, anxiety can cause feelings of low self-worth and self-esteem. As the short-term effects of cocaine include increased confidence and self-esteem, it makes it appealing for those suffering persistent anxiety-related symptoms. As with depression, cocaine can exacerbate the symptoms of anxiety when used over an extended period.
According to the journal Public Health Reviews, other conditions associated with an increased risk of developing a cocaine addiction include post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder, and other personality disorders.
To effectively treat cocaine addiction, SAMHSA explains that an initial assessment is required and includes screening for any pre-existing mental, emotional, and behavioural health issues so that treatment programs can be tailored to a client’s individual needs. Treatment typically involves medically supervised detoxification and withdrawal management, rehabilitation therapies, and a comprehensive aftercare program, which, when followed and completed, ultimately reduces the risk of relapse.
Medically Supervised Detoxification and Cocaine Withdrawal Management
Recovery from cocaine addiction requires that the body rids itself of toxic chemicals that have built up in the system following prolonged use of cocaine, and detox is the first stage of a treatment program.
During the detox phase, clients are supported with various therapies to help alleviate withdrawal symptoms, which gradually reduce in intensity over time.
According to journal Science Advances, the detoxification process typically lasts around one week and takes place under professional medical supervision, with the use of medication where necessary.
Rehabilitation Therapy for Cocaine Addiction
Various types of therapy are used during cocaine addiction rehabilitation and can take place in an inpatient (residential) or outpatient setting. The type of treatment a person undergoes will depend on the severity of their addiction and their individual needs.
Therapy can involve cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), modified 12-Step recovery programs, one-to-one therapy, and complementary therapies, as outlined in Science Advances.
Leaving rehab at the end of the treatment program does not mean the end of the road to recovery and aftercare programs are essential for helping clients remain on a path of sobriety. In the days, weeks, and months following the end of treatment, clients can potentially be exposed to people, situations and other triggers that can increase the risk of relapse.
Our aftercare program includes support groups, the continuation of therapy, and assistance during the transition from residential rehab to a sober living environment.
Comprehensive Rehabilitation for Cocaine Addiction at Excel Treatment Center
Recovery from cocaine addiction can be a long road with many challenges and obstacles along the way. Trying to deal with addiction alone is not only extremely difficult, but it also poses a significantly greater risk of relapse, than recovery efforts which are professionally supported.
If you or a loved one are struggling with cocaine addiction, it is of vital importance to reach out for help. The journey becomes easier when trained recovery specialists support you, and our individually tailored treatment programs can provide the tools and resources necessary for a successful recovery. Please contact us today to begin your journey; we’re here to help you every step of the way.